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CAENAGNATHUS
CALAMOSPONDYLUS
CALLOVOSAURUS
CAMARASAURUS
CAMELOTIA
CAMPTOSAURUS
CARCHARODONTOSAURUS
CARNOTAURUS
CERATOPS
CERATOSAURUS
CETIOSAURISCUS
CETIOSAURUS
CHASMOSAURUS
CHIALINGOSAURUS
CHILANTAISAURUS
CHINDESAURUS
CHINGKANKOUSAURUS
CHIROSTENOTES
CHUBUTISAURUS
CHUNGKINGOSAURUS
CLAOSAURUS
COELOPHYSIS
COELURUS
COLORADISAURUS
COMPSOGNATHUS
CONCHORAPTOR
CORYTHOSAURUS
 
CAENAGNATHUS
Pronunciation: SEE-nig-NAY-thus  
Translation: Recent Jaw
Also known as: Chirostenotes
Description: Carnivore, Bipedal
Order: Saurischia
Suborder: Theropoda
Infraorder: Tetanurae (not confirmed)
Micro-order: Maniraptora (of the microorder Coelurosauria)
Superfamily: Oviraptorosauria
Family: Caenagnathidae
Height:
Length: 6.6 feet (2 meters)
Weight:
Period: Late Cretaceous


Notes: When first discovered, its remains suggested a more primitive animal than Chirostenotes; and thus it should have been an earlier species. However, current theory holds that Caenagnathus, Macrophalangia and some material referred to Elmisaurus are all probably Chirostenotes.


CALAMOSPONDYLUS
Pronunciation: KAL-oh-moh-SPON-dil-us  
Translation: Reed Vertebra
Also known as: Aristosuchus
Description: Carnivore, Bipedal
Order: Saurischia
Suborder: Theropoda
Infraorder: Coelurosauria (not confirmed)
Family: Coeluridae
Height: 3 feet (.9 meters)
Length: 6.6 feet (2 meters)
Weight:
Period: Early Cretaceous


Notes: A small meat-eater of uncertain identity; originally known as Aristosuchus. Found on the Isle of Wight, this dinosaur is distinguished by small toes but relatively large claws on its hands. Its most unusual feature is its pubic bone, the "foot" of which is considerably larger than that of most other carnivores, suggesting that Calamospondylus had a large belly.


CALLOVOSAURUS
Pronunciation: cuh-LOW-vuh-SAWR-us  
Translation: Callovian Lizard
Also known as:
Description: Herbivore, Bipedal
Order: Ornithischia
Suborder: Ornithopoda
Infraorder: Iguanodontia
Family: (not confirmed)
Height: 4 feet (1.2 meters)
Length: 9 feet (2.7 meters)
Weight: 125 lbs (56.7 kg)
Period: Middle Jurassic


Notes: Callovosaurus is known from incomplete material discovered in England. It is the earliest known member of the iguanodont family, members of which walked on their hind legs but descended to all fours when feeding.


CAMARASAURUS
Pronunciation: kuh-MARE-uh-SAWR-us  
Translation: Chambered Lizard
Also known as: Morosaurus
Description: Herbivore, Quadrupedal
Order: Saurischia
Suborder: Sauropodomorpha
Infraorder: Sauropoda
Family: Camarasauridae
Height: 23 feet (7 meters)
Length: 60 feet (18.3 meters)
Weight: 40,000 lbs (18,144 kg)
Period: Late Jurassic


Notes: Camarasaurus is the best known sauropod found in North America and the most abundant of fossils in the Late Jurassic. A complete, nearly perfect skeleton of a juvenile, 17-feet (5.2-meters) long, was found in Utah. Its head was short and box like with nostrils set above the snout and in front of the eyes. The weight of its backbone was lightened by holes in its vertebrae. Its neck was shorter and thicker than most sauropods and it possessed a short and somewhat flattened tail. The fore limbs and hindlegs of Camarasaurus were about the same length.


CAMELOTIA
Pronunciation: KAM-uh-LOT-ee-uh  
Translation: Of Camelot
Also known as: Avalonia, Picrodon and Gresslyosaurus
Description: Herbivore,Quadrupedal
Order: Saurischia
Suborder: Sauropodomorpha
Infraorder: Prosauropoda
Family: Melanorosauridae
Height:
Length:
Weight:
Period: Late Triassic


Notes: This large prosauropod is the northern hemisphere's only known melanorosaurid. It takes its name from the locale of its discovery in Somerset, England (supposedly the site of King Arthur's Camelot).


CAMPTOSAURUS
Pronunciation: KAMP-tuh-SAWR-us  
Translation: Bent Lizard
Also known as:
Description: Herbivore, Bipedal, semi Quadrupedal
Order: Ornithischia
Suborder: Ornithopoda
Infraorder: Iguanodontia
Family: Camptosauridae
Height: 10 feet (3 meters)
Length: 23 feet (7 meters)
Weight: 4,000 lbs (1,814 kg)
Period: Late Jurassic to Early Cretaceous





Notes: Camptosaurs had five fingers, and a snout that ended in a horny beak. Because its fore-legs were short, it walked on its hind legs; however, it grazed on all four legs. Many skeletons of this dinosaur have been found in England and in Colorado, Utah and Wyoming.


CARCHARODONTOSAURUS
Pronunciation: kar-kar-o-DON-tuh-SAWR-us  
Translation: Carcharodon Lizard
Also known as:
Description: Carnivore, Bipedal
Order: Saurischia
Suborder: Theropoda
Infraorder: Tetanurae
Micro-order: Carnosauria (not confirmed)
Family:
Height: 23 feet (7.0 meters)
Length: 45 feet (13.7 meters)
Weight: 16,000 pounds (7,258 kg)
Period: Cretaceous


Notes: A 5 foot-4 inch skull of Carcharodontosaurus was recently discovered in North Africa. Based on this find, Carcharodontosaurus is clearly a worthy rival in size to the fearsome Tyrannosaurs rex. It had elongated spines on its neck vertebrae to accommodate the strong muscles that held up an enormous head with shark-like fangs. Named for Carcharodon, the great white shark, fragmentary remains were first discovered in the early 1900's in Morocco.


CARNOTAURUS
Pronunciation: kahrn-uh-TAWR-us  
Translation: Meat-Eating Bull
Also known as:
Description: Carnivore, Bipedal
Order: Saurischia
Suborder: Theropoda
Infraorder: Ceratosauria
Family: Abelisauridae
Height: 13 feet (4 meters)
Length: 24.6 feet (7.5 meters)
Weight: 1,984 lbs (900 kg)
Period: Early Cretaceous


Notes: A strange-looking dinosaur with a short snout, two bull-like horns, a weak jaw and small eyes. A skin cast discovered in southern Argentina reveals that Carnotaurus in life had a reptilian, pebbly skin. This skin cast is the very best yet found for a theropod.


CERATOPS
Pronunciation: SAIR-uh-tops  
Translation: Horned Face
Also known as:
Description: Herbivore, Quadrupedal
Order: Ornithischia
Suborder: Marginocephalia
Infraorder: Ceratopsia
Micro-order Neoceratopsia
Family: Ceratopsidae
Height:
Length: 24.6 feet (7.5 meters)
Weight:
Period: Late Cretaceous


Notes: Fragmentary remains, a pair of small brow horns and a three-horned head, were found in Montana and Colorado. The status of this dinosaur remains doubtful, as its remains may prove to be that of Chasmosaurus.


CERATOSAURUS
Pronunciation: sih-RAT-uh-SAWR-us  
Translation: Horned Lizard
Also known as:
Description: Carnivore, Bipedal
Order: Saurischia
Suborder: Theropoda
Infraorder: Ceratosauria
Family: Ceratosauridae
Height: 13 feet (4.0 meters)
Length: 20 feet (6.1 meters)
Weight: 3,000 lbs (1,360 kg)
Period: Late Jurassic


Notes: Ceratosaurus was found in western North America. It has horns above and forward of its eyes, resembling those of Allosaurus, but it Ceratosaurus derives its name from its extremely unusual, rather large nose horn. Because Ceratosaurus was a very large predator, it is not likely that the horn was a weapon. Possibly it was a secondary sex characteristic, identifying males or females; perhaps it was used in ritual mating battles between males. It has also been suggested that the horn was used by hatchlings to break out of their eggs.


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