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TALARURUS
TANIUS
TARASCOSAURUS
TARCHIA
TECHNOSAURUS
TELMATOSAURUS
TENONTOSAURUS
THECODONTOSAURUS
THERIZINOSAURUS
THESCELOSAURUS
TIENSHANOSAURUS
TITANOSAURUS
TOROSAURUS
TORVOSAURUS
TRICERATOPS
TROÖDON
TSINTAOSAURUS
TUOJIANGOSAURUS
TYLOCEPHALE
TYRANNOSAURUS
 
TIENSHANOSAURUS
Pronunciation: tih-en-SHAN-o-SAWR-us  
Translation: Tienshan Lizard
Also Known As:
Description: Herbivore, Quadrupedal
Order: Saurischia
Suborder: Sauropodomorpha
Infraorder: Sauropoda
Family: Camarasauridae (not confirmed)
Height: 16 feet (4.9 meters)
Length: 33 feet (10.1 meters)
Weight:
Period: Late Jurassic


Notes: Tienshanosaurus was a late Jurassic sauropod that resembled Euhelopus in size and shape. The only remains of Tienshanosuarus were found in Xinjiang, China, and were fragmentary.


TITANOSAURUS
Pronunciation: tye-TAN-uh-SAWR-us  
Translation: Titanic Lizard
Also Known As:
Description: Herbivore, Quadrupedal
Order: Saurischia
Suborder: Sauropodomorpha
Infraorder: Sauropoda
Family: Titanosauridae
Height: 25 feet (7.6 meters)
Length: 65 feet (19.8 meters)
Weight:
Period: Late Cretaceous


Notes: Found in India and Argentina, Titanosaurus resembled Diplodocus. It had a broad, low, armored back speckled with small armored plates and a tail similar to a whip lash.


TOROSAURUS
Pronunciation: TOR-uh-SAWR-us  
Translation: Protuberance Lizard
Also Known As:
Description: Herbivore, Quadrupedal
Order: Ornithischia
Suborder: Marginocephalia
Infraorder: Ceratopsia
Micro-order Neoceratopsia
Family: Ceratopsidae
Height: 8 feet (2.4 meters)
Length: 20.3 feet (6.2 meters)
Weight: 9,900 - 18,000 pounds
(4,491 - 8,165 kg)
Period: Late Cretaceous


Notes: While Torosaurus has been found in Montana, South Dakota, Utah, Wyoming, Texas, New Mexico, and Canada, it is a fairly uncommon dinosaur. It had the largest skull of any land animal that ever lived, measuring almost nine feet. The last and most advanced of the horned dinosaurs, Torosaurus had nose horn and a large brow horn that pointed forward. Behind the brow horn, the huge smooth crest extended back almost five feet.


TORVOSAURUS
Pronunciation: TOR-vuh-SAWR-us  
Translation: Savage Lizard
Also Known As:
Description: Carnivore, Bipedal
Order: Saurischia
Suborder: Theropoda
Infraorder: Ceratosauria
Family: Megalosauridae
Height: 14 feet (4.3 meters)
Length: 29.5 feet (9 meters)
Weight: 12,000 pounds (5,440 kg)
Period: Late Jurassic


Notes: Remains of Torvosaurus have been found in Colorado and Wyoming. It was a powerfully built flesh eater with savage claws. Its structure was similar to that of Megalosaurus and it is probably related to Afrovenator.


TRICERATOPS
Pronunciation: try-SAIR-uh-tops  
Translation: Three-horned Face
Also Known As:
Description: Herbivore, Quadrupedal
Order: Ornithischia
Suborder: Marginocephalia
Infraorder: Ceratopsia
Micro-order: Neoceratopsia
Family: Ceratopsidae
Height: 9.5 feet (2.9 meters)
Length: 26 feet (7.9 meters)
Weight: 14,000 pounds (6,350 kg)
Period: Late Cretaceous





Notes: Found in Montana, South Dakota, Colorado, Wyoming, and Canada, Triceratops was the largest, heaviest, most common and best-known ceratopsian. Sixteen species have been assigned to Triceratops, although some scientists believe that only one species exists, and that the variations found between ceratopsian horns are similar to those found in modern horned animals such as cows. Its massive head had a deep, narrow, parrot-like beak with brow horns 3 feet (0.9 meters) long, and its frill could reach widths of 7 feet (2.5 meters).


TROÖDON
Pronunciation: TRO-uh-don  
Translation: Gnaw-Tooth
Also Known As: Stenonychosaurus
Description: Carnivore, Bipedal
Order: Saurischia
Suborder: Theropoda
Infraorder: Tetanurae
Micro-order: Maniraptora (of the microorder Coelurosauria)
Family: Troödontidae (not confirmed)
Height: 2.5 feet (0.8 meters)
Length: 6 feet (1.8 meters)
Weight: 100 pounds (45.4 kg)
Period: Late Cretaceous


Notes: Based upon its brain-to-body-weight ratio, Troödon may have been the most intelligent dinosaur. Aside from its large brain, it had large eyes, suggesting a nocturnal lifestyle. The position of the eyes implies that Troödon may have had stereoscopic vision -- the ability to perceive depth. Its lightweight body structure and rod-like tail indicates that it was built for speed. It probably used its long fingers to snare small mammals and reptiles.


TSINTAOSAURUS
Pronunciation: SINT-ow-SAWR-us  
Translation: Chinese Lizard, or Tsintao Lizard
Also Known As: Tanius
Description: Herbivore, Bipedal
Order: Ornithischia
Suborder: Ornithopoda
Infraorder: Iguanodontia
Family: Hadrosauridae
Height: 24 feet (7.3 meters)
Length: 33 feet (10 meters)
Weight:
Period: Late Cretaceous


Notes: Found in Shanong, China, Tsintaosaurus was a large duck-billed dinosaur. Some believe Tsintaosaurus is the same as Tanius.


TUOJIANGOSAURUS
Pronunciation: too-HWANG-o-SAWR-us  
Translation: Tuojiang Lizard
Also Known As:
Description: Herbivore, Quadrupedal
Order: Ornithischia
Suborder: Thyreophora
Infraorder: Stegosauria
Family: Stegosauridae
Height: 11 feet (3.4 meters)
Length: 30 feet (9.1 meters)
Weight: 6,000 pounds (2,700 kg)
Period: Late Jurassic


Notes: The first plated dinosaur known in China, Tuojiangosaurus resembled Stegosaurus but had smaller plates. It had two pairs of sharp spikes on its tail.


TYLOCEPHALE
Pronunciation: tye-lo-SEF-uh-lee  
Translation: Swollen Head
Also Known As:
Description: Herbivore, Bipedal
Order: Ornithischia
Suborder: Marginocephalia
Infraorder: Pachycephalosauria
Family: Pachycephalosauridae
Height: 3.5 feet (1.1meters)
Length: 7 feet (2.1 meters)
Weight:
Period:
Late Cretaceous


Notes: The skull of Tylocephale was thick and decorated with small spikes similar to those on the skull of a Stegoceras. It was discovered in Mongolia.


TYRANNOSAURUS
Pronunciation: tye-RAN-uh-SAWR-us  
Translation: Tyrant Lizard
Also Known As: Tarbosaurus
Description: Carnivore, Bipedal
Order: Saurischia
Suborder: Theropoda
Infraorder: Tetanurae
Micro-order: Carnosauria
Family: Tyrannosauridae
Height: 23 feet (7.0 meters)
Length: 50 feet (15.2 meters)
Weight: 16,000 pounds (7,258 kg)
Period: Late Cretaceous





Notes: One of the largest-ever flesh-eating land animals, Tyrannosaurus is also the most famous. For example, it has been featured in more movies than any other single dinosaur. Tyrannosaurus had a huge skull with powerful jaws lined with 7-inch (18-cm) serrated teeth. Contrary to earlier conceptions of sluggish mobility, Tyrannosaurus is now thought by some to have been capable of bursts of up to 30 mph (48 km/h). In contrast to its massive legs, Tyrannosaurus had relatively short, small arms. Although they seem vestigal and useless, they were powerful enough to lift over 450 pounds (270 kg). Tyrannosaurus was found in North America and Asia. The most famous species is Tyrannosaurus rex from North America; Tyrannosaurus bataar from Asia was formerly known as Tarbosaurus.


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